Oral bacteria may increase arthritis risks in patients. Nearly 1.5 million people suffer from arthritis, an autoimmune disease, causing joint pain, swelling and eventually damage. Diagnosing RA in the early stages is important because the earlier a person gets proper treatment the better the outcomes such as limiting joint image and function issues.
Researchers remain uncertain what causes arthritis although it seems to depend on a mix of genetics and environmental factors. People with early rheumatoid arthritis and at risk factors for rheumatoid arthritis have abnormal levels of certain bacteria. Ultimately the bacteria travels through mucus that lines the mouth and intestines. Interestingly these people seem more likely than others to have periodontal disease or gum disease. The research is also indicates arthritis may actually begin in the mouth.
Researchers have long speculated autoimmune diseases are triggered or caused by microorganisms.
Researchers are also aware there are links between periodontal disease, changes in the oral and intestinal microbiome and arthritis.
Several studies seem to show oral microbes, in particular anaerobic bacteria, which do not require oxygen, may play a role in developing arthritis.
A 2009 study found three types of anaerobic bacteria in the mouth and have been found in joint fluid from people with arthritis. Plus several studies show antibodies for certain types of anaerobic bacteria associated with periodontal disease may lead to developing arthritis.
Oral bacteria may increase arthritis according to a new study.
Bacteria Prevotella and Veillonella were higher in saliva samples from people with ERA and RA than the control group. Veillonella bacteria levels were also higher in tongue coatings of the RA groups than those in the control group.
According to the study authors, findings suggest a possible link between oral microbes and arthritis may exist.
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